Swing states, also known as battleground states or purple states, are political jurisdictions within a country, typically used in the context of elections, where no single political party has overwhelming support. These states are considered highly competitive, as the electorate in these regions can swing their support between different political parties or candidates.
In the United States, swing states refer to individual states within the country where the outcome of an election is uncertain and can potentially be won by either major political party, usually the Democratic Party or the Republican Party. The specific swing states can vary from election to election, depending on various factors such as demographic changes, political shifts, and the issues of importance during a particular election cycle.
Because these states are not solidly aligned with any particular party, they often receive increased attention and campaign efforts from both major parties. Candidates and their campaigns focus on swing states because winning these states can significantly impact the overall outcome of an election, sometimes determining the ultimate winner.
The term "swing state" can also be used in other countries to describe regions or constituencies where the outcome of an election is unpredictable or can swing back and forth between different parties or candidates.