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Voting Machines Vulnerabilities

Election Integrity for America

There were several concerns about the vulnerabilities of voting machines. The vulnerabilities and concerns surrounding voting machines can differ based on the specific machine type, manufacturer, and implementation, but some of the general concerns include:

  1. Physical Tampering: Some voting machines, especially older models, can be tampered with physically, allowing malicious actors to manipulate vote counts.

  2. No Paper Trail: Machines that do not provide a verifiable paper trail (VVPAT or similar) can make it difficult to audit or verify results.

  3. Proprietary Software: Many voting machines use proprietary software, making independent auditing or assessment challenging.

  4. Malware: Voting machines, especially those that are not air-gapped, are susceptible to malware attacks. Malware can manipulate vote counts or disrupt the voting process.

  5. Outdated Software: Machines that use outdated software can have unpatched vulnerabilities that can be exploited.

  6. Lack of Encryption: Votes stored or transmitted without encryption can be intercepted or altered.

  7. Supply Chain Attacks: Voting machines are built using components from various suppliers. A malicious actor can compromise one of these components to affect the machine's functionality.

  8. Denial of Service: Malicious actors can disrupt the availability of voting machines, preventing people from voting.

  9. Wireless Connectivity: Machines with wireless components can be vulnerable to remote attacks.

  10. Election Management Systems: These are systems used to manage and tabulate results from voting machines. If these are compromised, it could lead to wide-scale election manipulation.

  11. Lack of Regular Audits: Even if voting machines produce paper trails, if regular post-election audits aren't conducted, anomalies might not be detected.

  12. Human Error: Sometimes, the biggest vulnerability is human. Election officials might set up or operate machines incorrectly, leading to issues.

Addressing these vulnerabilities requires a multifaceted approach:

  • Using machines that produce a verifiable paper trail.

  • Conducting regular security assessments.

  • Keeping the software updated and patching known vulnerabilities.

  • Limiting the network connectivity of voting machines.

  • Providing training to election officials.

  • Implementing strict chain-of-custody protocols for machines.

  • Regularly conducting post-election audits.

It's essential to stress that while vulnerabilities exist, many election officials work diligently to ensure the integrity and security of voting processes. Public trust in the election process is paramount, and transparency and security measures are critical in maintaining that trust

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